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What is the history of Mancala board game, which Mancala Adventures is based on?

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Mancala Adventures is based on Mancala, one of the oldest known board games. It originated in Africa, with evidence suggesting the game dates back to around 6000 BCE. Ancient Mancala boards were carved into stone in Gezer, Israel, indicating the game's ancient roots. The game expanded from Africa to the Middle East and Asia and, after some time, to other parts of the world. Variants of the game were found in ancient Egyptian temples, highlighting its widespread popularity in ancient civilizations.

African Heritage

Mancala is highly culturally important in several African communities and is often associated with social gatherings, teaching strategies, and fostering community bonds. Many African tribes have created their version of the game, each with different rules and boards.

Middle Eastern Influence

Mancala games, which have many names in the Middle East, such as "Siga" and "Mankalah," have been played for centuries. They were incorporated into daily life and often played by traders and merchants during breaks.

Asian Adaptations

Mancala adapted to local cultures and traditions in Asia. In the Philippines, the game is known as "Sungka," in Indonesia, it is called "Congkak." These different versions of the game include different board designs and rules, showcasing the cultural diversity of the game.

Variations

Bao

This game is one of the more complex versions of Mancala and involves intricate rules and ways of playing on a four-row board with many seeds. Bao is most prevalent in East Africa, specifically in Tanzania and Kenya.

Oware/Awale/Awele

This game is popular in West Africa and the Caribbean and is known for its straightforward rules compared to Bao. Oware is often used for educational purposes and emphasizes strategic planning.

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